What is Embedded System?
An embedded system is a modified controlling and working framework with a devoted capacity inside a bigger mechanical or electrical framework, regularly with continuous processing limitations. It is installed as a feature of an entire device regularly including equipment and mechanical parts.
Top 5 programming languages for the embedded system are-
- Embedded C
- Embedded C++
- Embedded Java
- Assembly Language
Embedded C is a set of language extensions for the C programming language by the C Standards Committee to address commonality issues that exist between C extensions for different embedded systems. It includes a number of features not available in normal C, such as fixed-point arithmetic, named address spaces and basic I/O hardware addressing.
Embedded C++ (EC++) is a dialect of the C++ programming language for embedded systems. An EC++ program can be compiled with any C++ compiler. But, a compiler specific to EC++ may have an easier time doing optimization. When an object-oriented application written in C++ is compiled, data is mostly made up of objects and code is mostly made up of class member functions. Clearly, arranging code into classes and data into objects is a powerful organizing principle.
Embedded Java is a set of Java technologies designed for programming embedded systems, or computers with dedicated functions. Embedded Java not only supports embedded platforms like ARM and Power Architecture, but also supports desktop and server platforms like x86, x64, and SPARC 32-bit and 64-bit, whether they are powered by Linux, Windows or Solaris.
An assembly language, often abbreviated asm, is any low-level programming language in which there is a very strong correspondence between the program’s statements and the architecture’s machine code instructions. Each assembly language is specific to a particular computer architecture and operating system. An assembly language is the most basic programming language available for any processor. With assembly language, a programmer works only with operations that are implemented directly on the physical CPU.
Ada is a structured, statically typed, imperative, and object-oriented high-level computer programming language, extended from Pascal and other languages. Ada is a programming language suitable for all development needs. It has built-in features that directly support structured, object-oriented, generic, distributed and concurrent programming. Ada is a good choice for Rapid Application Development, Extreme Programming (XP), and Free Software development.